What is quantum computing?
Quantum computers or the term quantum computing refers to the processing of data in QuBits or quantum bits. Where a qubit may be an electron or a photon. Every electron has a spin and it may spin up or spin down at the same time. The devices that perform quantum computations are known as quantum computers.
The state of every electron having spin up or spin down is called quantum superposition state. Also there is another stage called quantum entanglement in which each particle related to another in our universe responds independently to each other. Also to make the quantum computers work efficiently the quantum processors or quantum computers must be operated in a controlled magnetic field and operated at absolute zero temperature. Any external disturbances to quantum computing or quantum computers may ruin the process. Quantum computers not only help in medical research development also in the cyber security department to ensure a high level of encryption is achieved.
Quantum computing benefits
- Large sets of data can be evaluated much quicker than with conventional computers or parallel computing.
- Operations are reversible as long as the resulting state is still intact.
- Quantum computers have the ability to be much smaller than a similarly powered parallel computer.
- Ability to solve scientific and commercial problems.
- Capability to convey more accurate answers.
- Could process massive amount of complex data.
- These computers can make high encryption and are good at cryptography. It is impossible to break the security of quantum computers.
Quantum computing architecture